New insulin pill could end daily injections for diabetes patients

A revolutionary insulin pill could prevent the millions of people living with type 1 diabetes from taking daily injections, researchers have said.

Scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a capsule strong enough to survive the journey through the gastrointestinal tract.

When the pill is ingested and reaches the small intestine, it breaks down into dissolving microneedles that attach to the intestinal wall, releasing the drug into the bloodstream.

Previous attempts to give patients insulin in pill form have failed because they cannot withstand stomach acid and release the hormone too early.

In tests in pigs, the 1.18in (30mm) capsule, loaded with the same amount of insulin as an injection, was able to deliver insulin to the bloodstream just as fast.

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